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n-3 Fatty Acids Abrogate Dyslipidemia-Induced Changes in Bile Acid Uptake, Synthesis, and Transport in Young and Aged Dyslipidemic Rats.

Pooja, Acharya and Ramaprasad, T. R. (2019) n-3 Fatty Acids Abrogate Dyslipidemia-Induced Changes in Bile Acid Uptake, Synthesis, and Transport in Young and Aged Dyslipidemic Rats. Lipids. ISSN 0024-4201

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Abstract

In this study, the effect of n-3 fatty acids (FA) [α-linolenic acid (ALA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] on the intestinal bile acid (BA) uptake, hepatic BA synthesis, and enterohepatic bile acid transporters (BAT) was assessed in young and aged dyslipidemic rats. Dyslipidemia was induced in young and aged rats by feeding a high-fat (HF) diet. Experimental groups received diets containing canola oil (HF + CNO) and fish oil (HF + FO) as a source of ALA and EPA + DHA, respectively. After 60 days of feeding, intestinal BA uptake and expression of apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (Asbt), organic solute transporter-alpha/beta (Osta/b) messenger RNA (mRNA), and hepatic expression of Na+ taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp), bile salt export pump (Bsep), cholesterol 7-α hydroxylase A1 (Cyp7a1), Farnesoid X receptor (Fxr), small heterodimer partner-1 (Shp), liver receptor homolog-1 (Lrh-1), and hepatic nuclear factor-4 alpha (Hnf4a) mRNA were measured. Hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity and total BA in serum, liver, and feces were assessed. The dyslipidemic HF group had: (1) increased intestinal BA uptake and Asbt and Osta/b mRNA expression, (2) increased BA in serum, (3) decreased hepatic expression of Ntcp, Bsep, and Cyp7a1 mRNA, (4) increased activity of HMG-CoA reductase, (5) increased hepatic expression of Fxr and Shp mRNA, (6) decreased hepatic expression of Lrh-1 and Hnf4a mRNA, and (7) decreased BA in feces, when compared to control, HF + CNO, and HF + FO groups. Immunostaining revealed increased expression of intestinal Asbt and hepatic Ntcp protein in the HF group when compared to control, HF + CNO, and HF + FO groups. n-3 FA abrogated dyslipidemiainduced changes in the intestinal uptake, hepatic synthesis, and enterohepatic transporters of BA in both young and aged rats. EPA + DHA was more effective than ALA in modulating dyslipidemia-induced changes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: α-Linolenic acid Bile acid transporters Eicosapentaenoic acid Enterohepatic circulation Docosahexaenoic acid Dyslipidemia
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 17 Fatty Acid Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 08:58
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 08:58
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14460

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