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Role of Capsid Structure and Membrane Protein Processing in Determining the Size and Copy Number of Peptides Displayed on the Major Coat Protein of Filamentous Bacteriophage.

Pratap, Malik and Tamsin, D. Terry and Gowda, L. R. (1996) Role of Capsid Structure and Membrane Protein Processing in Determining the Size and Copy Number of Peptides Displayed on the Major Coat Protein of Filamentous Bacteriophage. Journal of Molecular. Biology, 260. 9-21.

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Abstract

Filamentous bacteriophage virions can be engineered to display small foreign peptides in the N-terminal regions of all 2700 copies of the major coat protein (pVIII), but larger peptides can be accommodated only in hybrid virions, in which modified and wild-type coat protein subunits are interspersed. The copy number of peptides accepted in hybrid virions is generally believed to be related to peptide size: the larger the insert, the lower the number of modified coat protein subunits in the assembled virion. However, we show here that some large peptides can be displayed at a much higher copy number than smaller ones and that some relatively small peptides are poorly displayed, if at all, in hybrid virions. X-ray diffraction studies of a recombinant virion together with model building experiments with peptide and protein epitopes of known structure demonstrated that it is feasible to accommodate much larger structures, without perturbation of the capsid protein packing, than it has proved possible to generate in vivo. We show further that the insertion of certain peptides greatly slowed or even prevented the processing of the pVIII pro-coat by leader peptidase at the inner membrane of the Escherichia coli cell. A good correlation was found between the effect of the insert on the rate of the processing of the pro-coat, an essential step in virus assembly, and the number of the mature but modified proteins in the subsequently assembled hybrid virion. These results have important implications for the design of peptide display systems based on filamentous bacteriophage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: filamentous bacteriophage; epitope display; membrane protein translocation; leader peptidase; peptide libraries
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 29 Protein Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2007 11:14
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 11:06
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1446

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