[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Identification and functional characterization of Buglossoides arvensis microsomal fatty acid desaturation pathway genes involved in polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in seeds.

Prasad, P. and Sreedhar, R. V. (2020) Identification and functional characterization of Buglossoides arvensis microsomal fatty acid desaturation pathway genes involved in polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in seeds. Journal of biotechnology, 308. pp. 130-140. ISSN 0168-1656

[img] PDF
Journal of Biotechnology.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Buglossoides arvensis seed oil is the richest natural source of stearidonic acid (SDA), an ω-3 fatty acid with nutraceutical potential superior to α-linolenic acid (ALA). The molecular basis of polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in B. arvensis is unknown. Here, we describe the identification of B. arvensis fatty acid desaturase2 (BaFAD2), fatty acid desaturase3 (BaFAD3), and Delta-6-desaturase (BaD6D-1 and BaD6D-2) genes by mining the transcriptome of developing seeds and their functional characterization by heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In silico analysis of their encoded protein sequences showed conserved histidine-boxes and signature motifs essential for desaturase activity. Expression profiling of these genes showed higher transcript abundance in reproductive tissues than in vegetative tissues, and their expression varied with temperature stress treatments. Yeast expressing BaFAD2 was found to desaturate both oleic acid and palmitoleic acid into linoleic acid (LA) and hexadecadienoic acid, respectively. Fatty acid supplementation studies in yeast expressing BaFAD3 and BaD6D-1 genes revealed that the encoded enzyme activities of BaFAD3 efficiently converted LA to ALA, and BaD6D-1 converted LA to γ-linolenic acid and ALA to SDA, but with an apparent preference to LA. BaD6D-2 did not show the encoded enzyme activity and is not a functional D6D. Our results provide an insight into SDA biosynthesis in B. arvensis and expand the repository of fatty acid desaturase targets available for biotechnological production of SDA in traditional oilseed crops.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Buglossoides arvensisStearidonic acidOmega-3 fatty acidsFatty acid desaturase2Fatty acid desaturase3Delta-6-desaturase
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 18 Processed foods > 04 Functional foods
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 01 May 2020 11:01
Last Modified: 01 May 2020 11:01
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14285

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item