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The response of phosphine-resistant lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica and rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae in mixed-age cultures to varying concentrations of phosphine

Rajendran, S. and Gunasekaran, N. (2002) The response of phosphine-resistant lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica and rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae in mixed-age cultures to varying concentrations of phosphine. Pest Management Science, 58 (3). pp. 277-281.

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Abstract

The response of Rhyzopertha dominica and Sitophilus oryzae (both phosphine-resistant) in mixed-age cultures to phosphine at fixed concentration-time products (CT) of 10 500 to 168 000 µl litre-1 h (ppm h) with either constant, rising or falling concentrations for 7 days was studied at 27(±2) °C. At lower CT products, rising concentrations of phosphine led to significantly fewer survivors of R dominica and S oryzae. Conversely, exposure to falling concentrations of phosphine resulted in significantly more survivors. The influence of changing concentrations of phosphine was more pronounced in S oryzae than in R dominica. In the latter, at the lower CT products of 21 000 and 42 000 µl litre-1 h, the adult stage proved to be most tolerant, contrary to the accepted belief that the egg or pupal stage are always more tolerant to phosphine. The results indicate that application of phosphine in rising concentrations is more effective than in constant or falling concentrations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: phosphine; varying concentrations; toxicity; Rhyzopertha dominica; Sitophilus oryzae
Subjects: 600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 05 Insect/Pest Control
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2007 09:36
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2012 06:13
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1416

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