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Role of MicroRNA Regulation in Obesity-Associated Breast Cancer: Nutritional Perspectives.

Ravi, K. and Rajarajan, D. (2017) Role of MicroRNA Regulation in Obesity-Associated Breast Cancer: Nutritional Perspectives. Advances in Nutrition, 8. pp. 868-88.

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in women, and the incidence of breast cancer is increasing every year. Obesity has been identified as one of the major risk factors for breast cancer progression. The mechanisms by which obesity contributes to breast cancer development is not yet understood; however, there are a few mechanisms counted as potential producers of breast cancer in obesity, including insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and inflammatory cytokines, adipokines, and sex hormones. Recent emerging evidence suggests that alterations in microRNA (miRNA) expressions are found in several diseases, including breast cancer and obesity; however, miRNA roles in obesitylinked breast cancer are beginning to unravel. miRNAs are thought to be potential noninvasive biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of cancer patients with comorbid conditions of obesity as well as therapeutic targets. Recent studies have evidenced that nutrients and other dietary factors protect against cancer and obesity through modulation of miRNA expressions. Herein, we summarize a comprehensive overview of up-to-date information related to miRNAs and their molecular targets involved in obesity-associated breast cancer. We also address the mechanisms by which dietary factors modulate miRNA expression and its protective roles in obesity-associated breast cancer. It is hoped that this review would provide new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of obesity-associated breast cancer to reduce the burden of breast cancer

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: obesity, breast cancer, adipocyte, microRNA, dietary components
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 03 Biochemistry & Molecular Biology > 13 Molecular Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2019 10:57
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2019 10:57
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13928

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