[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Influence of spray-drying, freeze-drying and vacuum-drying on physicochemical and functional properties of gelatin from Labeo rohita swim bladder.

Balaji Wamanrao, Kanwate and Rajashekhar, V. Ballari and Tanaji, G. Kudre (2019) Influence of spray-drying, freeze-drying and vacuum-drying on physicochemical and functional properties of gelatin from Labeo rohita swim bladder. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 121. pp. 135-141. ISSN 0141-8130

[img] PDF
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 121 (2019) 135–141.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (578kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Influence of different drying method on yield, physicochemical and functional properties of gelatin from rohu (Labeo rohita) swim bladder were investigated. Freeze-drying presented the highest gelatin yield (54.51 g/100 g, dry weight basis), followed by vacuum-drying (48.95 g/100 g) and spray-drying (41.76 g/100 g), respectively (P b 0.05). All gelatin samples showed glycine as the major amino acid followed by proline, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine and hydroxyproline, respectively. Freeze-dried gelatin (FDG) and spray-dried gelatin (SDG) showed α (α1 and α2), β-chains and γ-chain as the predominant components, whereas an absence of β- and γ-chains found in vacuum-dried gelatin (VDG). FTIR spectra revealed that the loss of the triple-helix was found in all gelatins which indicated the conversion of collagen to soluble gelatin. FDG and SDG had the highest surface hydrophobicity, protein solubility, emulsifying, foaming and gelation property than VDG (P b 0.05). Moreover, SDG showed slightly higher surface hydrophobicity, protein solubility, emulsifying and foaming properties as compared to FDG (P b 0.05). However, no significant difference was found in gelation properties of FDG and SDG (P N 0.05). Therefore, freeze-drying or spray-drying could be an appropriate drying method for preparation of gelatin from rohu swim bladder with better functionalities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Labeo rohita Swim bladder Gelatin Drying methods Physicochemical properties Functional properties
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 28 Meat, Fish & Poultry > Fish
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 06 Preservation and Storage > 02 Drying and Dehydration
Divisions: Food Safety Analytical Quality Control Lab
Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 09:14
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2019 09:14
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13903

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item