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Characterization of Novel Lactobacillus fermentum from Curd Samples of Indigenous Cows from Malnad Region, Karnataka, for their Aflatoxin B1 Binding and Probiotic Properties.

Sunil Kumara, S. and Ambika, B. and Venkateswaran, G. and Hariprasad, P. and Gayathri, D. (2018) Characterization of Novel Lactobacillus fermentum from Curd Samples of Indigenous Cows from Malnad Region, Karnataka, for their Aflatoxin B1 Binding and Probiotic Properties. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Thirty-four isolates of Lactobacillus spp. (LAB) from 34 curd samples were evaluated for their aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) binding and probiotic properties. Upon characterization, four LAB isolates (LC3/a, LC4/c, LC/5a, and LM13/b) were found to be effective in removing AFB1 from culture media with a capacity of above 75%. Staining reaction, biochemical tests, pattern of sugar utilization, and 16s rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the identity of all the four isolates as L. fermentum. All of them could tolerate acidic pH, salt, and bile, which promise the use of these probiotic bacterial isolates for human applications. These isolates showed poor hydrophobicity and higher auto-aggregation properties. All L. fermentum isolates were found susceptible to gentamycin, chloramphenicol, cefoperazone, ampicillin, and resistant to ciprofloxacin and vancomycin. Results of hemolytic and DNase activity indicated their nonpathogenic nature. Though all L. fermentum isolates found inhibiting the growth of Salmonella ebony, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, maximum inhibition was obtained with isolate LC5/a. Kinetic studies revealed that all four bacteria required a minimum of 2 h to reach stationary phase of AFB1 binding. AFB1 binding ability varied from 66 to 85.2% among these four isolates. Bile (0.4%) was significant (P ≤ 0.05) in reducing the AFB1 binding property of isolates LC3/a, LC4/c, and LM13/b, while increased AFB1 binding ability was recorded at acidic pH (2.0). AFB1 binding properties of isolate LC5/a were found least affected by acidic pH and bile. The findings of our study revealed the higher efficiency of L. fermentum isolate LC5/a in reducing the bioavailability of AFB1 in gut, and additionally, it improves the consumers’ health by its various probiotic characters. These beneficial characters, L. fermentum isolates, promise them to use as probiotic formulations alone or in combinations with other beneficial probiotic-bacterial isolates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malnad . Aflatoxin B1 . Probiotics . Lactobacillus fermentum . Acid and bile tolerance
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 27 Dairy products
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 09 Food Microbiology
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 03:54
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 03:54
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13887

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