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Cell wall remodelling involving galactomannan de-branching influence Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Coffea canephora somatic embryos.

Avinash, Kumar and Simmi, P. S. and Giridhar, P. (2018) Cell wall remodelling involving galactomannan de-branching influence Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Coffea canephora somatic embryos. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 134. pp. 369-382.

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Abstract

Direct somatic embryogenesis is favoured over indirect methods for the in vitro propagation of Coffea canephora, as the frequency of somaclonal variation is usually reduced. Ethylene action inhibitors improve the tissue culture response and thus silver nitrate ( AgNO3) is used for direct somatic embryogenesis in coffee. It was observed that silver thiosulphate (STS) that is a more potent ethylene action inhibitor, induced a much robust response in C. canephora cotyledonary leaf explants with 7.49 ± 0.57 and 7.08 ± 0.12 embryos/explant at 60 and 80 μM AgNO3, respectively compared to 3.3 ± 0.18 embryos/explant at 40 μM AgNO3. Transient transformation indicated that STS improved the transformation potential of embryos by enhancing Agrobacterium tumefaciens adherence to surfaces. In vitro adherence assays demonstrated that the cell wall material from STS-derived embryos provide a better substratum for adherence of Agrobacterium. Furthermore, blocking this substratum with anti-mannan hybridoma supernatant negatively effects the adherence. The presence of galactose and mannose residues in the decomposed cellulose fraction of STS treated somatic embryos are indicative of de-branching and re-modelling of galactomannan in response to ethylene inhibition. Genes of mannan biosynthesis, degradation and de-branching enzyme were affected to different extents in embryos derived in AgNO3 and STS containing somatic embryogenesis medium. The results indicate that ethylene-mediated cell wall galactomannan remodelling is vital for improving the transgenic potential in coffee.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbohydrate fractionation · Transformation · LM21 hybridoma · Silver thiosulphate · Silver nitrate
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 05 Tissue Culture
600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 04 Coffee
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 11:20
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 11:20
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13877

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