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Dietary fatty acids from pomegranate seeds (Punica granatum) inhibit adipogenesis and impact the expression of the obesityassociated mRNA transcripts in human adipose‐derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Khabeer, S. T. and Akila, P. and Manonmani, H. K. (2018) Dietary fatty acids from pomegranate seeds (Punica granatum) inhibit adipogenesis and impact the expression of the obesityassociated mRNA transcripts in human adipose‐derived mesenchymal stem cells. Journal of Food Biochemistry. pp. 127-139. ISSN 1745-4514

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Abstract

have indicated that the pomegranate (Punica granatum) seed oil (PSO) has many biologically active components that help in controlling diet‐induced obesity and insulin resistance. However, its impact on the adipogenic differentiation of human adiposederived mesenchymal stem cells (HADMSC) remains unclear. Here we have attempted to study the anti‐obesity potential of SHAMstat3pg, a fatty acid composite extracted from PSO. It is composed of three dietary fatty acids: punicic acid [(9Z,11E,13Z)‐9,11,13‐Octadecatrienoic acid], oleic acid [Cis‐9‐Octadecenoic acid], and linoleic acid [(9Z,12Z)‐octadeca‐9,12‐dienoic acid]. In this study, we discuss the impact of the fatty acids on adipogenesis, inflammation, glucose uptake, and mitochondrial ATP production. The impact of SHAMstat3pg on the expression of various obesity‐associated protein and mRNA transcripts in HADMSC was also analyzed. The results indicate that exposure to 10 μg/ml of SHAMstat3pg (24 hr) inhibited adipogenesis of HADMSC, ameliorated inflammation, attenuated ATP production, and glucose uptake. Also, the extract favorably regulated the mRNA expression of the studied obesity‐associated gene transcripts. Practical applications SHAMstat3pg has the potential to serve as a multi‐targeted therapy for the management of obesity. This study demonstrated that the dietary fatty acids inhibited the differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes. SHAMstat3pg has also shown to have a favorable impact on the expression of the obesity‐linked proteins and genes in HADMSC that are associated with adipogenesis, inflammation, satiety, energy intake/ expenditure (central and peripheral signaling molecules). The study gives an overview of the vast number of genes impacted by the treatment with SHAMstat3pg paving the way for future studies to demonstrate the exact mode of action of how dietary fatty acids can help manage obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adipogenesis, dietary fatty acids, inflammation, inhibition of differentiation, mesenchymal stem cells, obesity, pomegranate seed oil extract, Punica granatum, RT‐PCR
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 17 Fatty Acid Chemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 08:14
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 08:14
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13866

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