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Mass Transfer and Kinetic Modelling of Supercritical Co2 Extraction of Fresh Tea Leaves (Camellia Sinensis L.).

Pravin Vasantrao, Gadkari and Manohar, B. (2017) Mass Transfer and Kinetic Modelling of Supercritical Co2 Extraction of Fresh Tea Leaves (Camellia Sinensis L.). Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 34 (3). pp. 799-810.

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Abstract

Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was employed to extract solids from fresh tea leaves (Camellia sinensis L.) at various pressures(15 to 35 MPa) and temperatures (313 to 333K) with addition of ethanol as a polarity modifier. The diffusion model and Langmuir model fit well to experimental data and the correlation coefficients were greater than 0.94. Caffeine solubility was determined in supercritical CO2 and the Gordillo model was employed to correlate the experimental solubility values. The Gordillo model fit well to the experimental values with a correlation coefficient 0.91 and 8.91% average absolute relative deviation. Total phenol content of spent materials varied from 57 to 85.2 mg of gallic acid equivalent per g spent material, total flavonoid content varied from 50.4 to 58.2 mg of rutin equivalent per g spent material and the IC50 value (antioxidant content) varied from 27.20 to 38.11 μg of extract per mL. There was significant reduction in polyphenol, flavonoid and antioxidant content in the extract when supercritical CO2 extraction was carried out at a higher pressure of 35 MPa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Supercritical CO2; Fresh tea leaves; Mass transfer; Caffeine; Polyphenols; Antioxidants
Subjects: 600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 08 Tea
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 05 Processing and Engineering
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2018 06:08
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2018 06:09
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13805

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