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Antagonistic effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae KTP and Issatchenkia occidentalis ApC on hyphal development and adhesion of Candida albicans.

Lohith, K. and Anu Appaiah, K. A. (2017) Antagonistic effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae KTP and Issatchenkia occidentalis ApC on hyphal development and adhesion of Candida albicans. Medical Mycology. pp. 1-10.

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The morphological transition from yeast to a hyphal form, as well as the adhesion capability to the gastrointestinal tract, are implicated virulent determinant in Candida albicans and could be potential targets for prevention of the opportunistic pathogen. Based on this rationale, two yeast strains Saccharomyces cerevisiae KTP and Issatchenkia occidentalis ApC along with reference strain Saccharomyces boulardii NCDC 363 were screened for the probiotic potential. Characters like pH, temperature, bile, simulated gastrointestinal juice tolerance tests, and Caco-2 cell line adhesion assay were determined in the present study. Further, the evaluation of its impact on C. albicans morphological transition and adhesion was assessed using microtitre germ tube test. In terms of probiotic characteristics, both the strains were tolerant to pH 2.5 and the presence of bile (0.3 to 0.6%) with an optimum growth temperature of 37◦C. The strain KTP was also resistant to simulated gastric and intestinal juices as compared to control (13% and 41%, respectively) and NCDC 363 (55% and 35%, respectively). In contrast, both the yeasts had reduced adhesiveness to Caco-2 monolayer. Candida virulence in in vitro systems indicated that treatment of live probiotic yeast cells (108 ml) effectively reduced the filamentation and adhesion of C. albicans. The S. cerevisiae KTP had a profound effect on the hyphal development and adhesion when compared to the ApC and NCDC 363. The strain significantly reduced (P < .05) the hyphal growth in cocultivated (93% and 94%, respectively) and pre-existing hyphae (54% and 68%) of strains C. albicans 183 and 1151. Isolates KTP and ApC also reduced the adhesion (≈ 22% and 41%, respectively) and transition of blastoconidia at two hours of incubation in abiotic surface. This study provides knowledge on the effect of potential probiotic yeasts such as Saccharomyces and non- Saccharomyces strains against virulence characteristic of Candida albicans.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: probiotics, simulated gastrointestinal juices, Caco-2 cells, germ tube assay, morphological transition
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 29 Microbiological food > 04 Yeast
Divisions: Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 11:13
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2018 11:13
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13585

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