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Insights on the age dependent neurodegeneration induced by Monocrotophos, (an organophosphorous insecticide) in Caenorhabditis elegans fed high glucose: Evidence in wild and transgenic strains.

Chinnu, Salim and Nidheesh, T. and Muralidhara, M. and Rajini, P. S. (2018) Insights on the age dependent neurodegeneration induced by Monocrotophos, (an organophosphorous insecticide) in Caenorhabditis elegans fed high glucose: Evidence in wild and transgenic strains. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C, 211. pp. 15-24.

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Abstract

The higher susceptibility of high glucose fed C. elegans to Monocrotophos (MCP, an organophosphorus insecticide) - induced dopaminergic (DA) neuronal degeneration was recently demonstrated. Employing this acute exposure model, the impact of MCP on DA degeneration among worms of two age groups (8 and 13 d old) fed control (CO) and high glucose (GF) diet with specific focus on phenotypic alterations, oxidative impairments and associated molecular perturbations employing both wild (N2) and transgenic strains(BZ555 and NL5901) was investigated. In general, 13 d worms exhibited higher susceptibility to MCP intoxication compared to 8 d old worms. Further, MCP-exposure caused an enhanced degree of DA degeneration among glucose fed (GF) worms as evidenced by lower chemotaxis index, reduced long-term memory and increased nonanone repulsion. Biochemical analysis of 13 d GF worms also revealed a significant increase in ROS, protein carbonyls and reduced ADP/ATP ratio. Interestingly, marked increase in degeneration of dopaminergic neurons and increased in α-synuclein content was evident among 13 d GF worms exposed to MCP. Significant alterations in the mRNA expression levels of daf-2, age-1, sir 2.1 and aak-2 among 13 d GF worms was evident. Collectively these findings suggest that high intake of glucose diet aggravates MCP associated dopaminergic neuronal degeneration and the impact of increasing age under such a condition. Moreover it provides an experimental paradigm to explore the molecular targets and mechanism/s underlying the possible relationship between insecticide exposure-associated dopaminergic degeneration in humans under hyperglycemic conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Monocrotophos High glucose C. elegans Dopaminergic neurodegeneration α-Synuclein
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 26 Pesticide Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 10:43
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 10:43
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13553

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