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Stimulation of liver IGF-1 expression promotes peak bone mass achievement in growing rats: A study with Pomegranate seed oil.

Deepa, Bachagol and Joseph, Gilbert Stanley and Govindraj, Ellur and Kalpana, Platel (2018) Stimulation of liver IGF-1 expression promotes peak bone mass achievement in growing rats: A study with Pomegranate seed oil. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 52. pp. 18-26.

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Peak bone mass (PBM) achieved at adulthood is a strong determinant of future onset of osteoporosis, and maximizing it is one of the strategies to combat the disease. Recently, pomegranate seed oil (PSO) has been shown to have bone-sparing effect in ovariectomized mice. However, its effect on growing skeleton and its molecular mechanism remain unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of PSO on PBM in growing rats and associated mechanism of action. PSO was given at various doses to 21-day-old growing rats for 90 days by oral gavage. The changes in bone parameters were assessed by micro-computed tomography and histology. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to analyze the levels of serum insulin-like growth factor type 1 (IGF-1). Western blotting from bone and liver tissues was done. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was performed to study the histone acetylation levels at IGF-1 gene. The results of the study show that PSO treatment significantly increases bone length, bone formation rate, biomechanical parameters, bone mineral density and bone microarchitecture along with enhancing muscle and brown fat mass. This effect was due to the increased serum levels of IGF-1 and stimulation of its signaling in the bones. Studies focusing on acetylation of histones in the liver, the major site of IGF-1 synthesis, showed enrichment of acetylated H3K9 and H3K14 at IGF-1 gene promoter and body. Further, the increased acetylation at H3K9 and H3K14 was associated with a reduced HDAC1 protein level. Together, our data suggest that PSO promotes the PBM achievement via increased IGF-1 expression in liver and IGF-1 signaling in bone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: IGF-1 Punicic acid HDACs Peak bone mass Osteoporosis Liver
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats > 01 Oilseeds
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Molecular Nutrition
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 09:16
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 09:16
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13318

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