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Optimization and characterization of biodiesel production from rohu (Labeo rohita) processing waste.

Tanaji, G. Kudre and Bhaskar, N. and Sakhare, P. Z. (2017) Optimization and characterization of biodiesel production from rohu (Labeo rohita) processing waste. Renewable Energy, 113. pp. 1408-1418.

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Abstract

Optimization and characterization of biodiesel production from fish oil extracted from rohu (Labeo rohita) processing waste were investigated in the present study. Wet reduction method showed highest oil yield (95.2%, v/v), compared to other methods (P < 0.05). Physicochemical properties of the oils were investigated before preparing biodiesel through transesterification reaction. Various alcohols, catalysts, reaction temperature and reaction time were evaluated for optimal biodiesel conversion of oil. The maximum yield of biodiesel (95.9%) was obtained with 0.75% KOH as catalyst, 1:0.5 (v/v) oil to methanol ratio and a reaction temperature of 55 °C for 60 min. TLC, FTIR and GC analysis suggested the triglycerides in the RPW oil have completely converted into biodiesel, which contained palmitic acid methyl ester and α-linolenic acid methyl ester as the dominant esters. Physicochemical characteristics of biodiesel were evaluated and the results suggested that quality of biodiesel were feasible. DSC study demonstrated the melting temperature of biodiesel were ranged from −52.56–4.11 °C, indicated the better cold flow property. Moreover, the oxidative stability of biodiesel was improved by adding BHT at 300 mg/kg. Therefore, extracted oil from rohu processing waste could well be used as an alternative source of low-cost feedstock for biodiesel production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rohu processing waste; Fish oil extraction; Transesterification; Biodiesel; 40 Process optimization; Biodiesel characterization
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 07 Waste utilization
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 28 Meat, Fish & Poultry > Fish
Divisions: Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 08:11
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 09:38
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13309

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