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Progress in terpene synthesis strategies through engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Kalaivani, P. and Sarma, Mutturi (2017) Progress in terpene synthesis strategies through engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 37 (8). pp. 974-989. ISSN 0738-8551

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Terpenes are natural products with a remarkable diversity in their chemical structures and they hold a significant market share commercially owing to their distinct applications. These potential molecules are usually derived from terrestrial plants, marine and microbial sources. In vitro production of terpenes using plant tissue culture and plant metabolic engineering, although receiving some success, the complexity in downstream processing because of the interference of phenolics and product commercialization due to regulations that are significant concerns. Industrial workhorses’ viz., Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae have become microorganisms to produce non-native terpenes in order to address critical issues such as demand-supply imbalance, sustainability and commercial viability. S. cerevisiae enjoys several advantages for synthesizing non-native terpenes with the most significant being the compatibility for expressing cytochrome P450 enzymes from plant origin. Moreover, achievement of high titers such as 40 g/l of amorphadiene, a sesquiterpene, boosts commercial interest and encourages the researchers to envisage both molecular and process strategies for developing yeast cell factories to produce these compounds. This review contains a brief consideration of existing strategies to engineer S. cerevisiae toward the synthesis of terpene molecules. Some of the common targets for synthesis of terpenes in S. cerevisiae are as follows: overexpression of tHMG1, ERG20, upc2-1 in case of all classes of terpenes; repression of ERG9 by replacement of the native promoter with a repressive methionine promoter in case of mono-, di- and sesquiterpenes; overexpression of BTS1 in case of di- and tetraterpenes. Site-directed mutagenesis such as Upc2p (G888A) in case of all classes of terpenes, ERG20p (K197G) in case of monoterpenes, HMG2p (K6R) in case of mono-, di- and sesquiterpenes could be some generic targets. Efforts are made to consolidate various studies (including patents) on this subject to understand the similarities, to identify novel strategies and to contemplate potential possibilities to build a robust yeast cell factory for terpene or terpenoid production. Emphasis is not restricted to metabolic engineering strategies pertaining to sterol and mevalonate pathway, but also other holistic approaches for elsewhere exploitation in the S. cerevisiae genome are discussed. This review also focuses on process considerations and challenges during the mass production of these potential compounds from the engineered strain for commercial exploitation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Terpenes; terpenoids; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; metabolic engineering; sterol pathway
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 33 Terpenoids Chemistry
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 04:50
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 04:50
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/13294

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