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Effect of infrared pretreatment on low-humidity air drying of apple slices.

Sandhya, R. Shewale and Umesh Hebbar, H. (2017) Effect of infrared pretreatment on low-humidity air drying of apple slices. Drying Technology, 35 (4). pp. 490-499. ISSN 0006-3002

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Abstract

The dried apple is used in the preparation of weaning foods and bakery products. The current drying processes, especially hot air (HA) drying, still face the problem of longer processing time and product quality degradation. The low-humidity air (LHA) drying can be an option to retain product quality in heat-sensitive food such as apple. The present work focuses on the effect of pretreatment of apple slices with potassium metabisulfite and infrared (IR) waves on drying characteristics when subjected to LHA drying and comparing the product quality with conventional hot air and freeze drying (FD). Pretreatment with IR waves reduced the drying time by nearly 23 and 17% in LHA and HA drying, respectively. The results indicated that IR-treated and LHA-dried slices retained nearly 82–90 and 72–74% of ascorbic acid and total phenolic content, respectively and was comparable to FD slices. The drying time for LHA was nearly 37% lesser than that for HA drying. LHA-dried apple slices had better color and rehydration ratio compared to FD- and HA-dried slices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apple; ascorbic acid; freeze drying; hot air drying; infrared; low-humidity air drying
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 01 Apple
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 06 Preservation and Storage > 02 Drying and Dehydration
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 09:50
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 09:50
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12751

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