[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Betalains and expression of antioxidant enzymes during development and abiotic stress in Rivina humilis L. berries.

Imtiyaj Khan, Mohammad and Avinash, Kumar and Giridhar, P. (2016) Betalains and expression of antioxidant enzymes during development and abiotic stress in Rivina humilis L. berries. Turkish Journal of Botany, 40. pp. 28-36.

[img] PDF
Turk J Bot-40-1-3-1405-32.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB)

Abstract

This work investigated the betalains profile and associated molecular changes during Rivina humilis L. berry development and 1 month after inducing stress through elicitors such as salicylic acid (SA, 0.05–0.5 mM) and chitosan (CH, 0.1%–1.0%). The results showed that, during berry development, diphenol oxidase activity of tyrosinase increased, which was reflected in an exponential increase in betalains accumulation. Expression levels of a putative Rivina humilis betanidin-5-O-glucosyltransferase 2 (RhBGT2) remained unchanged, while that of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) decreased. Treatment with SA (0.1 mM) and CH (0.5%) enhanced betalains accumulation. The pattern of betalains accumulation during berry development and after elicitor treatment suggested that, probably, both betacyanins and betaxanthins are synthesized from the same pool of betalamic acid. There was no significant change in expression levels of RhBGT2, SOD, and CAT following elicitor stress. However, treatment with CH (1.0%) produced morphological changes (shrinking) in the berries and expression of SOD was significantly suppressed. This is the first report that shows enhancement of betalains accumulation in intact berries through elicitor treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Salicylic acid, chitosan, glucosyltransferase, superoxide dismutase, catalase
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 32 Antioxidants
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2017 06:27
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 06:27
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12711

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item