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The effect of carbon dioxide rich environment on carbonic anhydrase activity, growth and metabolite production in indigenous freshwater microalgae

Swarnalatha, G. V. and Namratha, S. Hegde and Chauhan, V. S. and Sarada, R. (2015) The effect of carbon dioxide rich environment on carbonic anhydrase activity, growth and metabolite production in indigenous freshwater microalgae. Algal Research, 9. pp. 151-159.

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Abstract

Indigenous freshwater microalgae from natural habitats may have potential for bio-mitigation of atmospheric CO2. The present study evaluates the response of three indigenous microalgal isolates viz., Desmodesmus sp., Kirchneriella sp. and Acutodesmus sp., to CO2 rich environment (10, 20 and 30%) in a closed photobioreactor. In a time course study, levels of CO2 in culture medium were observed to modulate the activity of carbonic anhydrase (CA), a key enzyme of carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) of microalgae. The CA activity decreased on availability of free CO2 and increased on depletion of free CO2 in the culture medium. Maintenance of algal cultures in CO2 rich environment for a period of 16 days enhanced the biomass concentration, specific growth rate, chlorophyll and carbon dioxide biofixation rate by 2–4 fold. Overall productivity, carbon, carotenoid and lipid contents also increased. Palmitic and oleic acids were the major fatty acids of the algal lipids. CO2 rich environment affected the fatty acid profile in Desmodesmus sp. with an increase in unsaturated fatty acids.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microalgae CO2 fixation Photobioreactor Carbonic anhydrase Dissolved inorganic carbon
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 01 Algae
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 13:02
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 10:23
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12387

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