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Studies on chemical composition of three species of Enteromorpha

Ganesan, K. and Suresh Kumar, K. and Subba Rao, P. V. and Tsukui, Y. and Bhaskar, N. (2014) Studies on chemical composition of three species of Enteromorpha. Biomedicine and Preventive Nutrition, 4. pp. 365-369.

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Abstract

Studies on proximate, mineral, fatty and amino acid composition of edible Enteromorpha species, viz. Enteromorpha compressa, Enteromorpha linza and Enteromorpha tubulosa, collected from the Northwest coast of India, revealed for species-dependent nutrient composition variation. The present study showed a higher amount of sugar (51.05 ± 1.22%), protein (19.09 ± 0.91%) and lipid content (5.56 ± 0.16%) E. tubulosa. Amongst the seventeen elements analyzed (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P, As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Zn, Cr, Pb), all three species showed a higher amount of calcium content. E. compressa was obtained with rich amount of macro-elements (11.42 ± 0.017 g/100 g dry wt), while maximum micro- and traceelements (81.51 ± 6.65 mg/100 g dry wt) were recorded in E. linza. Amino acid analysis revealed seven out of the 10 essential amino acids were present either in excess or at-par with the reference proteins. Moreover, all the three species studied possessed relatively high n-3 fatty acids; additionally they had more unsaturated fatty acids than saturate ones, except in E. compressa. Therefore, based on the present investigation, it could be stated that the three species studied could be used as food supplements to improve the nutritive value in the omnivorous diet.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enteromorpha Seaweed Proximate Mineral Toxic limit Fatty acids Amino acids
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 17 Fatty Acid Chemistry
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 08 Botanical sciences > 01 Botany > 03 Fungi
Divisions: Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 11:14
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 08:45
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12382

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