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Genetic diversity of commercially grown Moringa oleifera Lam. cultivars from India by RAPD, ISSR and cytochrome P450-based markers

Saini, R. K. and Saad, K. R. and Ravishankar, G. A. and Giridhar, P. and Shetty, N. P. (2013) Genetic diversity of commercially grown Moringa oleifera Lam. cultivars from India by RAPD, ISSR and cytochrome P450-based markers. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 299. pp. 1205-1213.

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Abstract

Moringa oleifera is a less used, drought-tolerant tropical plant, rich in nutritionally and nutraceutically important bioactive compounds. It is native to India and now under cultivation in many countries, but no data is available on genetic variability. Three DNA marker techniques, i.e., random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and cytochrome P450 gene-based markers were used for the detection of genetic variability in eight Indian cultivars of M. oleifera, collected from various states of India. A total of 17 RAPD, 6 ISSR and 7 pairs of cytochrome P450-based markers generated 48.68, 48.57 and 40.00 % polymorphisms, respectively. The marker index (MI) for each of these marker systems (3.25 for RAPD, 4.73 ISSR and 2.95 for Cyt P450-based markers) suggest that ISSR markers are the most effective for assessment of genetic diversity. Based on the three types of marker data, the eight cultivars of M. oleifera were grouped into four sub-clusters in a dendrogram, but without any distinct geographical pattern. This suggests spread of planting material and high rates of gene flow through cross pollination. High bootstrap values (94.4 and 82.3) were obtained at major nodes of the dendrogram using the winboot software. The dendrogram and PCA plots generated from the binary data matrices of the three marker systems were found highly concordant to each other. This study reveals a huge genetic diversity among the cultivars and this can be utilised for conservation and cultivar development in breeding programmes to produce high yielding, nutritionally superior cultivars.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetic diversity RAPD ISSR Cytochrome P450 markers Principal component analysis Bootstrapping
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 02 Evolution & genetics
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 23 Vegetables
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 06:49
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 06:49
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12361

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