[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Antioxidant Potential of Fungal Metabolite Nigerloxin during Eye Lens Abnormalities in Galactose-Fed Rats

Suresha, B. S. and Srinivasan, K. (2013) Antioxidant Potential of Fungal Metabolite Nigerloxin during Eye Lens Abnormalities in Galactose-Fed Rats. Current Eye Research, 38 (10). pp. 1064-1071.

[img] PDF
Current Eye Research, 2013; 38(10) 1064–1071.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (463kB)

Abstract

Background: The role of osmotic and oxidative stress has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of cataract. Nigerloxin, a fungal metabolite, has been shown to possess aldose reductase inhibition and improved antioxidant defense system in lens of diabetic rats. In the present study, the beneficial influence of nigerloxin was investigated in galactose-induced cataract in experimental animals. Methods: Cataract was induced inWistar rats by feeding 30% galactose in diet. Groups of galactose-fed rats were orally administered with nigerloxin (25 and 100 mg/kg body weight/day) for 24 days. Results: Lens aldose reductase activity was increased significantly in galactose-fed animals. Lens lipid peroxides and advanced glycation end products were also significantly increased. Antioxidant molecule – reduced glutathione, total thiols and activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were decreased in the lens of galactose-fed animals. Oral administration of nigerloxin once a day for 24 days at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight, significantly decreased lens lipid peroxides and advanced glycation end products in galactose-fed rats. Lens aldose reductase activity was reduced and lens antioxidant molecules and antioxidant enzyme activities were elevated significantly by nigerloxin administration. Conclusions: The results suggest that alteration in polyol pathway and antioxidant defense system were countered by nigerloxin in the lens of galactose-fed animals, suggesting the potential of nigerloxin in ameliorating the development of galactose-induced cataract in experimental animals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galactose, juvenile cataract, nigerloxin, oxidative stress, polyol pathway
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 08 Botanical sciences > 01 Botany > 03 Fungi
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 32 Antioxidants
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 08:42
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12303

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item