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Performance of phosphine in fumigation of bagged paddy rice in indoor and outdoor stores

Rajendran, S. and Muralidharan, N. (2001) Performance of phosphine in fumigation of bagged paddy rice in indoor and outdoor stores. Journal of Stored Products Research, 37. pp. 351-358.

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Abstract

Phosphine fumigation trials were carried out on bag-stacks of paddy rice to study the differences in gas loss rates and concentration–time (Ct) products achieved during the treatment of indoor and outdoor stacks. Stacks (89–132 t) were fumigated singly under 250 mm thick polyethylene sheeting, which was sealed with a double layer of sand-snakes to the concrete floor. Phosphine was applied as an aluminium phosphide formulation and the fumigations continued for 7 days. In the first experiment, stacks of paddy rice with moisture contents ranging from 12.2 to 13.7% were held in either indoor or in outdoor storage and subjected to fumigation at the rate of 2, 3 or 4 g of phosphine/tonne. The outdoor stacks held relatively low levels of phosphine with Ct products for the indoor stacks of 135, 171 and 294 g h/m3, respectively, whilst the corresponding values for the outdoor stacks were 70, 85 and 166 g h/m3 only. The average gas loss rate was 14.5% per day for the indoor stacks and 29.5% for the outdoor stacks. In the second experiment, old stacks of paddy rice inside a godown, one each with grains at 8.8 and 9.8% moisture content, were fumigated at 3 g phosphine/tonne. Release of phosphine was delayed and fumigant sorption was less and therefore higher Ct products of 204 and 216 g h/m3 were achieved. In the stacks built outdoors, the resident infestations of Rhyzopertha dominica, Cryptolestes sp. and Oryzaephilus surinamensis were completely controlled despite lower Ct products. On the other hand, in the stacks of old paddy, R. dominica survived the treatment. Subsequent testing showed that the population had a degree of resistance to phosphine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phosphine; Fumigation; Paddy rice; Bag-stacks; Outdoor and indoor storage
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 01 Rice
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 26 Pesticide Chemistry
600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 05 Insect/Pest Control
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2007 04:56
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:28
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1230

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