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Evidence of acrylamide induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila melanogaster – Its amelioration with spice active enrichment: Relevance to neuropathy

Sathya, N. Prasad and Dr., Muralidhara (2012) Evidence of acrylamide induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila melanogaster – Its amelioration with spice active enrichment: Relevance to neuropathy. NeuroToxicology (), 33. pp. 1254-1264.

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Abstract

Acrylamide (ACR) intoxication in its monomeric form leads to neuronal damage in both experimental animals and humans. Oxidative stress is one of the principle mechanisms related to the neurotoxicity of ACR exposure. Hence, the present study aimed to recapitulate the potential of ACR to cause oxidative stress and neurotoxic effects in Drosophila melanogaster. Exposure of adult male flies (Oregon K strain) to ACR (1–10 mM, 7 d) in the diet resulted in a concentration and time dependent mortality, while the survivors exhibited significant locomotor deficits. Further, ACR exposure (1–5 mM, 3 d) caused robust oxidative stress as evidenced by markedly elevated levels of reactive oxygen species and hypdroperoxides in head/body regions. Enhanced lipid peroxidation, perturbations in the activities of antioxidant enzymes accompanied with depletion of reduced glutathione levels in head region at high concentrations suggested induction of oxidative stress. Further, marked diminution in the activities of complexes I–III, Succinic dehydrogenase, with concomitant reduction in MTT suggested the propensity of ACR to impair mitochondrial function. Furthermore, ACR-induced neurotoxic effects were discernible in terms of diminished ATPase activity, enhanced activity of acetylcholinesterase and dopamine depletion. In a satellite study, employing a co-exposure paradigm, we tested the propensity of spice actives namely eugenol (EU) and isoeugenol (IE) to ameliorate ACR-induced neurotoxicity. EU/ IE enriched diet offered marked protection against ACR-induced mortality, locomotor dysfunctions and oxidative stress. Furthermore, the spice actives prevented the depletion of reduced GSH levels, maintained the activity of AChE enzyme and dopamine levels in head region. Collectively, these findings clearly demonstrate that ACR induced neurotoxicity in Drosophila may be mediated through oxidative stress mechanisms and the potential of spice actives to abrogate the condition. These data suggest that Drosophila may serve as a suitable model to understand the possible mechanism/s associated with ACR associated neuropathy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acrylamide Drosophila Oxidative stress Mitochondria Neurotoxicity Spice actives
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 17 Toxicology
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2016 10:12
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2016 10:12
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12284

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