[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Prophylactic and therapeutic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids,capsaicin, and curcumin on adjuvant induced arthritis in rats

Joe, B and Lokesh, B. R. (1997) Prophylactic and therapeutic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids,capsaicin, and curcumin on adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 8. pp. 397-407.

[img] PDF
Nutritional_Biochemistry_8_397-407_1997.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB)

Abstract

The prophylactic and therapeutic effects of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and antiinflammatory spice principles-curcumin and capsaicin on adjuvant induced arthritis in rats were studied. Rats fed codliver oil (I mL/day/rat or 8 wt % in the diet) rich in n-3 fatty acids were found to have a decreased incidence of aajuvant induced arthritis as compared with those observed in coconut oil- or groundnut oil-fed animals. The inflammation in animals which developed adjuvant arthritis in codliver oil-fed animals was also signtfkantly lower than that observed in the other two groups. Additional feeding of spice principles-capsaicin (from red pepper) (5 mgkg bw/day) or curcumin (from turmeric) (30 mg/kg bw/day) along with dietary lipids delayed the onset of the disease and also lowered the extent of inflammation in arthritic rats. In addition, feeding of the codliver oil-containing diets to rats which have already developed arthritis arrested further progression of the disease. Curcumin and capsaicin feeding to arthritic rats also lowered paw inflammation. This beneficial effect of spice principles was observed irrespective of the nature of the dietary lipids fed to the rats. These studies indicated that the dietary n-3 polyunsaturatedfatty acids, capsaicin, and curcumin can decrease the incidence, delay the onset and reduce the extent of inflammation of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: n-3 fatty acids; capsaicin; curcumin; inflammation; arthritis
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 09 Human Physiology
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2007 04:36
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 10:16
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1228

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item