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Fermentation induced changes in bioactive properties of wine from Phyllanthus with respect to atherosclerosis

Sinjitha, S. Nambiar and VenuGopal, K. S. and Nandini, P. Shetty and Anu Appaiah, K. A. (2016) Fermentation induced changes in bioactive properties of wine from Phyllanthus with respect to atherosclerosis. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 53 (5). pp. 2361-2371. ISSN 0022-1155

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Wine was prepared from three varieties of Phyllanthus viz., P. emblica (wild and cultivated) and P. acidus. Among the wines prepared, cultivated Emblica wine had the highest total phenolic (11.02 μg gallic acid equivalent/ ml) and flavonoid (59.46 μg quercetin equivalent/ml) content. Further gallic acid, syringic acid, protocatechuic acid and caffeic acid were present in higher amounts in wine from the cultivated variety compared to other wines. HPLC analysis showed that in juice of the cultivated variety, gallic acid and coumaric acid were found in higher amounts than that in the corresponding wine. Antioxidant assays, LDL oxidation prevention, foam cell prevention and nitrite scavenging activities (cell lines) were found to be highest in cultivated Emblica juice and wine with an activity of 15 μg/ml and 14 μg/ml (nitrite assay) and 108.649 μg ascorbic acid equivalent/mg and 321.622 μg ascorbic acid equivalent /mg (total antioxidant capacity) respectively. CD36 expression was reduced and ABCA1 expression was increased to the highest extent by the cultivated Emblica wine and juice. Further, antioxidant activity was seen to increase during the course of fermentation. Sensory analysis showed that cultivated Emblica wine was sweeter compared to the other wines.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phyllanthus wine . Phenolic acids . Foam cell . Nitrite radicals
Subjects: 600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 01 Alcoholic beverage > 02 Wine
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits
Divisions: Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 12:51
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 12:51

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