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In vitro functional properties of crude extracts and isolated compounds from banana pseudostem and rhizome

Saravanan, K. and Sasikala, R. and Aradhya, S. M. (2016) In vitro functional properties of crude extracts and isolated compounds from banana pseudostem and rhizome. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96. pp. 1347-1355.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pseudostem and rhizome are the significant bio-waste generated (43.48%) from the banana plant post fruit harvest, which are usually left in the plantation or incinerated and wasted. Amounts used in production for consumption are negligible. However, the material has an important part to play in indigenous systems of medicine. Based on the huge volume of bio-waste generated and its traditional medicinal use, it is worth exploiting it as a source of natural bioactive compounds. In the current study, sequential extracts from banana pseudostem (BPS) and rhizome (BR), and isolated compounds including chlorogenic acid, 4-epicyclomusalenone and cycloeucalenol acetate, were tested for their antimicrobial activity, antiplatelet aggregation and cytotoxicity. RESULTS: Isolated compounds and crude extracts exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against a wide range of bacterial and fungal strains, platelet aggregation induced by collagen and cytotoxicity towards human liver cancer (HepG2) cells. CONCLUSION: Banana plant bio-waste, pseudostem and rhizome may serve as a potential source of multifunctional bioactive compounds and functional ingredient in food and other allied industries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: banana pseudostem and banana rhizome; chlorogenic acid; 4-epicyclomusalenone; cycloeucalenol acetate; antimicrobial activity; platelet aggregation inhibitory activity; cytotoxicity
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 07 Waste utilization
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 02 Banana
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 08:00
Last Modified: 30 May 2016 08:00
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12217

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