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Status in physical properties of coloured rice varieties before and after inducing retro-gradation.

Hameeda Banu, N. Itagi and Vasudeva, Singh (2015) Status in physical properties of coloured rice varieties before and after inducing retro-gradation. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52 (12). pp. 7747-7758. ISSN 0022-1155

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Abstract

Three varieties of paddy in brown, red (non-waxy) and black (waxy) forms were de-husked and milled before and after inducing retro-gradation and their physical properties were studied. Normalized grain weight, porosity of parboiled paddy (PP) and its de-husked rice (DR), were high compared to their respective native. True and bulk density were lowest for black variety, its DR, its raw and parboiled forms compared to other varieties of paddy. Angle of repose increased from raw paddy to PP whereas it decreased from raw DR to parboiled DR. Under similar conditions of milling of DR, raw and parboiled milled rice of black variety was the darkest. Raw husk showed higher EMC compared to husk of parboiled. Hardness followed the pattern: Raw: Paddy (~230–280 N)>DR (~120–260 N)>Milled rice (~110 N); for parboiled: DR (~270–480 N)>PP (~260–425 N)> Parboiled milled rice (~250–340 N). Cooking time was high for DR of parboiled ones and least for waxy raw milled rice. Results of this study will be helpful in understanding the quality of pigmented rice cultivars, design and fabrication of some of the equipments in rice processing industry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Normalized grainweight .Hardness . Equilibrium moisture content . De-husked rice . Retro-gradation
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 01 Rice
Divisions: Grain Science and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 10:50
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 08:54
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12067

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