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Optimization of pneumatic sheet extrusion of whole wheat flour poory dough using response surface methodology.

Venkatesh Murthy, K. and Sudha, M. L. and Ravi, R. and Raghavarao, K.S.M.S. (2015) Optimization of pneumatic sheet extrusion of whole wheat flour poory dough using response surface methodology. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52 (7). pp. 4405-4413. ISSN 0022-1155

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Abstract

Pneumatic extrusion of whole wheat flour dough is a challenge in the preparation of Poory. In the present study, the pneumatic extrusion process variables (pneumatic pressure, rate of extrusion) and quality of deep fried product (oil uptake, frying time, puffed height) was evaluated to get Poory of maximum overall sensory quality, minimum shear and minimum oil uptake. These parameters depend on the moisture content of wheat dough. Response surface methodology was demonstrated to be an efficient tool for the optimization of process parameters of pneumatic extrusion. The results indicated that extrusion pressure ranging from 3~6×105 Pa for the whole wheat flour dough with added moisture of 56~ 60 % was found to give a uniform rate of extruded sheet. It was observed that submerged frying time for the extruded dough sheet was in the range of 35~40 s, with the temperature of the vegetable oil to be in the range of 180~185 °C. Oil uptake during frying was about 12±1 % and the textural shear force was found to be 9.9 N with an overall sensory score of 7.2±0.5 on nine point scale. The experimental errors for all attributes were non-significant (p>0.05) and thus optimum variables predicted by the model are found suitable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poory . Dough sheeting . Pneumatic extrusion . Response surfacemethodology . Oil uptake . Sensory quality
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 26 Bakery products > Indian flat bread
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 07 Food Engineering
Divisions: Flour Milling Bakery and Confectionary Technology
Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2015 08:15
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 08:19
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12029

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