[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Optimization of conditions for isolation of high quality chitin from shrimp processing raw byproducts using response surface methodology and its characterization.

Nidheesh, T. and Suresh, P. V. (2015) Optimization of conditions for isolation of high quality chitin from shrimp processing raw byproducts using response surface methodology and its characterization. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52 (6). pp. 3812-3823. ISSN 0022-1155

[img] PDF
Journal of Food Science and Technology June 2015, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 3812-3823.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (925kB)

Abstract

Chitin is one of the most abundant bioactive biopolymer on earth. It is commercially extracted from seafood processing crustacean shell byproducts by harsh thermochemical treatments. The extraction conditions, the source and pretreatment of raw material significantly affect its quality and bioactivity. In this investigation response surface methodology (RSM) has been applied to optimize and evaluate the interaction of variables for extraction of high quality chitin from shrimp processing raw byproducts. Variables such as, concentration of HCl (%, v/v) 4.5 (for wet) and 4.9 (for dry), reaction time 3 h, solid liquid ratio of HCl (w/v) 1:5.5 (for wet) and 1:7.9 (for dry) with two treatments achieved >98 % demineralization of shrimp byproduct. Variables such as, concentration of NaOH 3.6 % (w/v), reaction time 2.5 h, temperature 69.0± 1 °C, solid liquid ratio of NaOH 7.4 (w/v) and two treatments accomplished >98 % deproteinization of demineralized byproducts. Significant (p≤0.05–0.001) interactive effects were observed between different variables. Chitin obtained in these conditions had residual content (%, w/w) of ash <0.4 and protein <0.8 and the degree of N-acetylation was >93 % with purity of >98 %. In conclusion, the optimized conditions by RSM can be applied for large scale preparation of high quality chitin from raw shrimp byproduct.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitin . Chitin extraction . Shrimp byproduct . Response surfacemethodology
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 07 Waste utilization
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 28 Meat, Fish & Poultry > Fish
Divisions: Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2015 06:12
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2015 06:12
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12022

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item