[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Phenotypic expression, molecular characterization and transferability of erythromycin resistance genes in Enterococcus spp. isolated from naturally fermented food.

Thumu, S.C.R. and Halami, P. M. (2014) Phenotypic expression, molecular characterization and transferability of erythromycin resistance genes in Enterococcus spp. isolated from naturally fermented food. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 116. pp. 689-699. ISSN ,

[img] PDF
Journal of Applied Microbiology_116_2014_ 689--699.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (458kB)

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate phenotypic resistance to macrolides-lincosamides and streptogramin B (MLSB) antibiotics and to determine their localization as well as transferability of erythromycin resistance genes in enterococcal isolates of naturally fermented food-Idli batter. Methods and Results: Diverse MLSB phenotypes observed among the enterococcal spp. (n = 32) were analysed through double disc and triple disc test. Standard minimum inhibitory concentration tests along with induction studies displayed synergistic or cross-resistance among MLSB antibiotics. Plasmid profiling and Southern hybridization revealed that erm(B) and msr(C) genes were localized either on chromosome or on high molecular weight plasmids and showed co-localization of these genes with lnu(B), tet(L) and tet (W) in one of the isolate. In vitro conjugation experiments demonstrated plasmid-mediated transfer of erm(B) gene from three Enterococcus durans strains to Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2. Conclusions: The study illustrated diverse MLSB phenotypes, multiple resistance genes and transferable plasmids among enterococci isolated from naturally fermented foods. Significance and Impact of the Study: From a public health point of view, the study identified that naturally fermented foods could represent a source of antibiotic resistance enterococci that can spread through foods. These results also suggest that vigilance may be exercised with the use of combination or novel MLSB antibiotics in treating enterococcal infections.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: conjugation, Enterococcus, Erythromycin, fermented foods, MLSB phenotypes, tetracycline resistance.
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 10 Food Microorganisms
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 18 Processed foods > 02 Fermented foods
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 07:46
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2015 07:46
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11805

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item