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Temperature- and Moisture-Based Modeling for Prediction of Starch Gelatinization and Crumb Softness During Bread-Baking Process.

Chhanwal, N. and Anandharamakrishnan, C. (2014) Temperature- and Moisture-Based Modeling for Prediction of Starch Gelatinization and Crumb Softness During Bread-Baking Process. Journal of Texture Studies, 45. pp. 462-476.

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Abstract

Temperature, starch gelatinization, moisture content and softness of bread define the formation of crust and crumb regions during the baking process. A computational model was developed to study the volume expansion, temperature profile and moisture content of the bread during the baking process. An arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian method was applied to describe mesh movement during volume expansion. Model predictions were validated with experimental measurements of bread temperature, moisture content and volume expansion. Occurrence of two distinct zones having different moisture contents, i.e., crust (<10%) and crumb (≈39%), was observed. Extent of starch gelatinization and browning of the bread surface was also studied using earlier published kinetic model. Moreover, softness development for the bread crumb was also modeled based on the degree of starch gelatinization. This study concluded that apart from heat and mass transfer, inclusion of volume expansion in the model predicts more accurate bread temperature, starch gelatinization and crumb softness. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS Crumb softness and starch gelatinization of bread can be predicted based on temperature and moisture content of bread using computational modeling approach. A finite element model (FEM) is developed for the bread-baking process, accounting for heat and mass transfer along with the volume expansion of bread. FEM model is validated with the experimental measurements of temperature, moisture content and volume expansion during bread-baking process. This model helps in predicting the major quality attributes of the bread such as starch gelatinization, browning of the bread surface and crumb softness. Therefore, this model can be useful in predicting temperature, moisture along with other bread quality parameters. For the bakery industry, it will help to determine the baking time of bread with desired product quality based on oven temperature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ALE, bread, moisture content, softness of bread, starch gelatinization, volume expansion
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 26 Bakery products
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 05:50
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2015 05:50
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11704

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