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Computational fluid dynamics modeling of bun baking process under different oven load conditions.

Tank, A. and Chhanwal, N. and Indrani, D. and Anandharamakrishnan, C. (2014) Computational fluid dynamics modeling of bun baking process under different oven load conditions. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 51 (9). pp. 2030-2037. ISSN 0022-1155

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Abstract

A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed to study the temperature profile of the bun during baking process. Evaporation-condensation mechanism and effect of the latent heat during phase change of water was incorporated in this model to represent actual bun baking process. Simulation results were validated with experimental measurements of bun temperature at two different positions. Baking process is completed within 20 min, after the temperature of crumb become stable at 98 °C. Further, this study was extended to investigate the effect of partially (two baking trays) loaded and fully loaded (eight baking trays) oven on temperature profile of bun. Velocity and temperature profile differs in partially loaded and fully loaded oven. Bun placed in top rack showed rapid baking while bun placed in bottom rack showed slower baking due to uneven temperature distribution in the oven. Hence, placement of bun inside the oven affects temperature of bun and consequently, the quality of the product.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CFD Bun Baking process Evaporation condensation mechanism
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 26 Bakery products
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 05 Processing and Engineering
Divisions: Flour Milling Bakery and Confectionary Technology
Human Resource Development
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 07:45
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2014 07:45
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11641

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