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Mango gels: Characterization by small-deformation stress relaxation method.

Roopa, B. S. and Suvendu, Bhattacharya (2014) Mango gels: Characterization by small-deformation stress relaxation method. Journal of Food Engineering, 131. pp. 38-43.

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Abstract

Mango based alginate gels were formed by varying the concentrations of mango juice (50–92%), sodium alginate (3–5%), glucono-d-lactone (1.5–2.5%) and calcium orthophosphate (1.5–2.5%) employing a second order central composite rotatable design. These gels were characterized by applying the method of small-deformation stress relaxation to obtain parameters such as initial stress, residual stress, extent of relaxation and relaxation time (k). The initial and residual stresses showed high values when mango juice concentration was low (50.0–60.5%). The mango juice had a strong negative linear effect (significant at p 6 0.01) followed by the positive effects of sodium alginate and glucono-d-lactone (GDL) (p 6 0.01). A method for the textural categorization of gels based on relaxation time (k) was proposed. A k value less than 1 s offered a highly soft gel while P100 s gave a good set hard gel; medium soft textured gels resulted for k values between 1 and 10 s while good set textured gels were associated with 10 s < k < 100 s. The application of principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that the concentrations of mango juice and alginate offered the dominating effects on the stress relaxation related indices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fruit gel, Alginate, Relaxation parameter, Principal component analysis, Textural classification
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties > 05 Texture
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 06 Mango
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 May 2014 11:54
Last Modified: 27 May 2014 11:54
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11573

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