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Profiles of carotenoids during post-climacteric ripening of some important cultivars of banana and development of a dry product from a high carotenoid yielding variety.

Lokesh, V. and Divya, P. and Bijesh, Puthusseri and Manjunatha, Girigowda and Bhagyalakshmi, N. (2014) Profiles of carotenoids during post-climacteric ripening of some important cultivars of banana and development of a dry product from a high carotenoid yielding variety. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 55. pp. 59-66. ISSN 0023-6438

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Abstract

Since vitamin A deficiency is prevalent in many developing countries, we sought to focus research on local, affordable and well-accepted sources of provitamin A carotenoids. As dessert bananas are consumed fresh round the year and processed as products, this study investigated whether postclimacteric biochemical changes are linked to carotenoid degradation in four Indian varieties, one commercial (Cavendish, AAA), one Red banana (genome AAA) and two locally-important ones (genome AAB). Despite large differences in their ripening characteristics, textural loss was lesser in AABs than AAAs. High levels of carotenoids (21.0 mg/g FW), b-carotene (9.14 mg/g FW) and a-carotene (9.32 mg/g FW) were found in Red banana accounting for retinol activity equivalent of 114 mg/100 g FW. The carotenoid levels were lower in two local varieties and lowest in Cavendish, with no post-climacteric loss. Dry grits, prepared using Red banana pulp, milk powder and sugar, retained about 70% carotenoids and appeared useful in confectionaries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alpha-Carotene, b-Carotene, Musa acuminata Musa paradisiaca, Red banana
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 14 Carotenoid Chemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 02 Banana
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2013 04:37
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2016 12:19
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11277

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