[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Pretreatment with Bacopa monnieri extract offsets 3-nitropropionic acid induced mitochondrial oxidative stress and dysfunctions in the striatum of prepubertal mouse brain

Shinomol, George K. and Bharath, M.M. Srinivas and Dr., Muralidhara (2012) Pretreatment with Bacopa monnieri extract offsets 3-nitropropionic acid induced mitochondrial oxidative stress and dysfunctions in the striatum of prepubertal mouse brain. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 90 (5). pp. 595-606. ISSN 0008-4212

[img] PDF
Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 90 595–606 (2012).pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (885kB)

Abstract

The present investigation was designed to determine the efficacy of Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi; BM) to offset 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in dopaminergic (N27) cells and prepubertal mouse brain. Pretreatment of N27 cells with BM ethanolic extract (BME) significantly attenuated 3-NPA-induced cytotoxicity. Further, we determined the degree of oxidative stress induction, redox status, enzymic antioxidants, and protein oxidation in the striatal mitochondria of mice given BME prophylaxis followed by 3-NPA challenge. While 3-NPA-induced marked oxidative stress in the mitochondria of the striatum, BME prophylaxis markedly prevented 3-NPA-induced oxidative dysfunctions and depletion of reduced glutathione and thiol levels. The activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, thioredoxin reductase), Na(+),K(+)-ATPase, and citric acid cycle enzymes in the striatum discernible among 3-NPA mice were significantly restored with BME prophylaxis. Interestingly, BME offered protection against 3-NPA-induced mitochondrial dysfunctions as evidenced by the restoration of the activities of ETC enzymes (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, NADH:cytochrome c reductase, succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, and cytochrome c oxidase) and mitochondrial viability. We hypothesize that the neuroprotective effects of BME may be wholly or in part related to its propensity to scavenge free radicals, maintain redox status, and upregulate antioxidant machinery in striatal mitochondria.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: M3 - doi: 10.1139/y2012-030 [Field not mapped to EPrints] JO - Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacopa monnieri, Brahmi, antioxidant enzymes, mitochondrial viability
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 15 Pharmacology
600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 04 Medicinal Plants
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 10:41
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 10:41
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11251

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item