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Antioxidant Potential of Green and Black Teas of Selected South India Cultivars.

Yuko, T. I. and Jun, W. and Masao, G. and Jagan Mohan Rao, L. and Ramalakshmi, K. (2012) Antioxidant Potential of Green and Black Teas of Selected South India Cultivars. JARQ, 46 (1). 81-87 .

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Tea is one of the most popular global beverages. It is widely consumed as a health promoting beverage and its health benefits are mainly due to the presence of polyphenols such as catechins, theaflavins and thearubigins. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the antioxidant potential of green tea (GT) and black tea (BT) extracts of eight different cultivars by radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA) and hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC). The extracts of teas were also analyzed for total polyphenol (TP) content and catechins. H-ORAC [(μmol Trolox equivalent (TE)/g)] values ranged from 2730-5031 (GT), 1429-2766 (BT) and DPPH-RSA (μmol TE/g) ranged from 1098-1376 and 508-798, respectively. Comparing the same cultivar, GT showed higher antioxidant activities (H-ORAC and DPPH-RSA) than those of BT which is partially attributable to the increased TP and concentration of catechins. Correlation coefficients between parameters of antioxidant activities were TP/H-ORAC (GT: 0.647, BT: 0.79), TP/DPPH -RSA (0.744, 0.976) and DPPH-RSA/H-ORAC (0.686, 0.811) while those of BT exceeded those of GT. Extracts from all the cultivars showed good antioxidant potential. Antioxidant activities were mainly derived from catechins in GT and theaflavins in the case of BT.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, polyphenols, ORAC
Subjects: 600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 08 Tea
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 32 Antioxidants
Divisions: Plantation Products Spices and Flavour Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2013 07:20
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2013 07:20
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11136

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