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Acquired Resistance to Macrolide–Lincosamide–Streptogramin Antibiotics in Lactic Acid Bacteria of Food Origin.

Surya Chandra Rao, Thumu and Prakash, M. Halami (2012) Acquired Resistance to Macrolide–Lincosamide–Streptogramin Antibiotics in Lactic Acid Bacteria of Food Origin. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 52 (4). pp. 530-537. ISSN 0046-8991

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Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem in clinical settings as well as in food industry. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) commercially used as starter cultures and probiotic supplements are considered as reservoirs of several antibiotic resistance genes. Macrolide–lincosamide– streptogramin (MLS) antibiotics have a proven record of excellence in clinical settings. However, the intensive use of tylosin, lincomysin and virginamycin antibiotics of this group as growth promoters in animal husbandry and poultry has resulted in development of resistance in LAB of animal origin. Among the three different mechanisms of MLS resistance, the most commonly observed in LAB are the methylase and efflux mediated resistance. This review summarizes the updated information on MLS resistance genes detected and how resistance to these antibiotics poses a threat when present in food grade LAB.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lactic acid bacteria Erythromycin resistance genes Fermented foods Conjugative plasmid Transposon
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 18 Processed foods > 02 Fermented foods
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2013 09:20
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 09:42
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11087

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