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Neuroprotective Efficacy of Eugenol and Isoeugenol in Acrylamide-Induced Neuropathy in rats: Behavioral and Biochemical evidence.

Sathya, N. Prasad and Dr., Muralidhara (2013) Neuroprotective Efficacy of Eugenol and Isoeugenol in Acrylamide-Induced Neuropathy in rats: Behavioral and Biochemical evidence. Neurochem Research, 38 (2). pp. 330-345.

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Abstract

The primary objective of this investigation was to assess the neuroprotective efficacy of spice active principles namely Eugenol (Eug) and isoeugenol (IE) in an acrylamide (ACR) neuropathy model in rats. In the present study, ACR administration (50 mg/kg bw, i.p. 3 times/ week) for 5 weeks to growing rats caused typical symptoms of neuropathy. We found that treatment of ACR rats with spice active principles (10 mg/kg bw, for 5 weeks) caused marked improvement in gait score and responses in a battery of behavioral tests. Terminally, both spice active principles markedly attenuated ACR-induced markers of oxidative stress viz., reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) in sciatic nerve (SN) as well as brain regions (cortex Ct, cerebellum Cb). Treatment with Eug restored the reduced glutathione levels in SN and brain regions. Interestingly, both spice active principles effectively diminished ACR-induced elevation in cytosolic calcium levels and acetylcholinesterase activity in SN and Ct. Further, the diminished activity of ATPase among ACR rats was enhanced in SN and restored in brain regions. Furthermore, Eug treatment significantly offset ACR-induced depletion in dopamine levels in brain regions. Collectively our findings suggest the propensity of these spice active principles to attenuate ACR-induced neuropathy. Further studies are necessary to understand the precise molecular mechanism/s by which these spice active principles attenuate neuropathy. Nevertheless, our data clearly demonstrate the beneficial effects of spice active principles in ACR-induced neuropathy in rats and suggest their possible therapeutic usage as an adjuvant in the management of other forms of neuropathy in humans.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acrylamide Neuropathy Isoeugenol Eugenol Oxidative stress Sciatic nerve
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 15 Pharmacology
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2013 08:57
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 13:09
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11084

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