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Quality, microstructure, biochemical and immunochemical characteristics of hypoallergenic pasta.

Susanna, S. and Prabhasankar, P. (2012) Quality, microstructure, biochemical and immunochemical characteristics of hypoallergenic pasta. Food Science and Technology International, 18 (4). pp. 403-411.

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Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy, characterized by lifelong intolerance to gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. This study aims to develop hypoallergenic pasta using blends of Triticum durum semolina, 40% of other non-wheat flours and additives. Formulated pasta samples were evaluated for product quality characteristics and also subjected to biochemical analysis. Results showed that cooking loss ranged from 6.9% to 7.4%, which were within the acceptable range of 8%. Color change was low and in vitro protein digestibility of the pasta was found to be insignificant. Pasting characteristics of the hypoallergenic flour showed the increased peak viscosity and decreased gelatinization temperature. The scanning electron microscopy results demonstrated less-affected microstructure of gluten network. Texture profile analysis and descriptive sensory analysis revealed that optimized hypoallergenic pasta with xanthan gum as additive was acceptable and comparable with control. SDS-PAGE pattern showed distinct protein profile and decreased intensity, which was supported by Dot-Blot. In conclusion, the hypoallergenic pasta prepared by replacing T durum flour by 40% of other non-gluten flours could be useful for celiac patients because of its low antigenic activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pasta, gluten, non-gluten flours, celiac disease
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 26 Bakery products
Divisions: Flour Milling Bakery and Confectionary Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2012 10:27
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 09:46
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/11018

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