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Novel whole-cell Reporter Assay for Stress-Based Classification of Antibacterial Compounds Produced by Locally Isolated Bacillus spp.

Nithya, V. and Prakash, M. Halami (2012) Novel whole-cell Reporter Assay for Stress-Based Classification of Antibacterial Compounds Produced by Locally Isolated Bacillus spp. Indian Journal of Microbiology , 52 (2). pp. 180-184. ISSN 0046-8991

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Abstract

Reporter bacteria are beneficial for the rapid and sensitive screening of cultures producing peptide antibiotics, which can be an addition or alternative to the established antibiotics. This study was carried out to validate the usability of specific reporter strains for the target mediated identification of antibiotics produced by native Bacillus spp. isolated from different food sources. During preliminary classification, cell wall stress causing Bacillus isolates were screened by using reporter strain Bacillus subtilis BSF2470. The isolates which induced cell wall stress were further characterized for their specific mode of action by using other B. subtilis reporter strains (TMB 488, TMB 299 and TMB 279). The isolate B. licheniformis N12 was found to produce bacitracin confirmed by the response to reporter strain B. subtilis TMB 279 and by putative identification of bacitracin biosynthetic loci. The other isolate B. subtilis EC1 also induced B. subtilis TMB 279, but does not possess the bacitracin gene cluster indicating that it can be a novel, bacitracin like antibiotic. The different but related subsets of peptide antibiotics that bind the pyrophosphate moiety of the lipid carrier of cell wall biosynthesis can be identified using this whole cell based reporter strains.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reporter strains Mode of action Bacitracin Bacillus
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 02 Bacteriology
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2012 10:46
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2012 10:46
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10967

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