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Production of Coconut Protein Powder from CoconutWet Processing Waste and its Characterization.

Aduja, Naik and Raghavendra, S. N. and Raghavarao, K. S. M. S. (2012) Production of Coconut Protein Powder from CoconutWet Processing Waste and its Characterization. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 167. pp. 1290-1302. ISSN 0273-2289

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Abstract

Virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been gaining popularity in recent times. During its production, byproducts such as coconut skim milk and insoluble protein are obtained which are underutilized or thrown away to the environment at present. This study deals with utilization of these byproducts to obtain a value-added product, namely, coconut protein powder. When coconut milk was subjected to centrifugation, three phases, namely, fat phase (coconut cream), aqueous phase (coconut skim milk), and solid phase (insoluble protein) were obtained. The coconut skim milk and insoluble protein were mixed and homogenized before spray drying to obtain a dehydrated protein powder. The proximate analysis of the powder showed high protein content (33 % w/w) and low fat content (3 % w/w). Protein solubility was studied as a function of pH and ionic content of solvent. Functional properties such as water hydration capacity, fat absorption capacity, emulsifying properties, wettability, and dispersibility of coconut protein powder were evaluated along with morphological characterization, polyphenol content, and color analysis. Coconut protein powder has shown to have good emulsifying properties and hence has potential to find applications in emulsified foods. Sensory analysis showed high overall quality of the product, indicating that coconut protein powder could be a useful food ingredient.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coconut wet processing . Coconut skim milk . Insoluble protein precipitate . Spray drying . Coconut protein powder
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 33 Nuts > 01 Coconut
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 05 Processing and Engineering
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2012 04:22
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 06:33
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10954

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