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In vitro fermentation of prebiotics by Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194: selectivity, viability and effect of metabolites on β-glucuronidase activity

Madhu, A. N. and Prapulla, S. G. (2012) In vitro fermentation of prebiotics by Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194: selectivity, viability and effect of metabolites on β-glucuronidase activity. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 28. pp. 901-908.

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Abstract

Prebiotic Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) escape metabolism in upper GI tract undergo microbial metabolism in colon and thereby influence the nature, type and number of intestinal microbiota to improve host’s health. The present study focuses on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194 to utilize FOS as a selective carbon and energy source. The effect of fermentative metabolites of L. plantarum on the b-glucuronidase was also investigated. A total of 16 strains of lactobacilli were assessed for their ability to ferment oligosaccharides. L. plantarum CFR 2194, an isolate from kanjika was found to utilize FOS effectively. Lactic acid was the main metabolic end product, followed by acetic acid, butyric acid, formic acid and ethanol. The inhibitory effects of these metabolites have been confirmed through the reduction of b-glucuronidase activity. L. plantarum when co-cultured with b-glucuronidase producing E. coli, in a basal media containing FOS as an energy source, could inhibit the growth of the pathogen during the course of fermentation. The results showed that L. plantarum CFR 2194 has the ability to utilize the prebiotic FOS as a selective carbon and energy source. The organism could inhibit the growth of the pathogen which produces b-glucuronidase and lowered its activity by the metabolites of FOS which indicates the probable use of L. plantarum through dietary intervention in combating colon carcinogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lactobacillus plantarum Synbiotics b-Glucuronidase Short chain fatty acids Oligosaccharides
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology
600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 04 Fermentation Technology
Divisions: Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2012 05:32
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2012 05:32
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10652

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