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Single oral dose of micellar b-carotene containing phospholipids improves b-carotene metabolism and plasma lipids in vitamin A-deficient rats.

Raju, Marisiddaiah and Rangaswamy, Lakshminarayana and Baskaran, V. (2011) Single oral dose of micellar b-carotene containing phospholipids improves b-carotene metabolism and plasma lipids in vitamin A-deficient rats. European Journal of Nutrition, 50. pp. 531-541.

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Abstract

Background Vitamin A (VA) deficiency is still a major health problem in the developing world. It affects various cellular functions and causes hypolipidemic effects in the body. b-Carotene (BC)-rich foods are promising sources of VA. Phospholipids are reported to improve BC bioefficacy in normal rats, but whether they show similar effects during VA deficiency is unknown. Aim To compare the BC metabolism and plasma lipid responses in VA-sufficient (?VA) and VA-deficient (-VA) rats after a single oral dose of micellar BC containing phospholipids. Methods Groups of rats were fed with a VA-free diet and when they attained the weight-plateau stage of deficiency, both ?VA and -VA rats were divided into 2 groups (phosphatidylcholine, PC and lysophosphatidylcholine, LPC). Each group was further divided into 4 subgroups (1, 2, 3, and 6 h; n = 5 rats/time point) and determined the BC metabolism and plasma lipid responses to a post-dose of micellar BC with phospholipids. Results Maximal plasma BC (pmol/mL) levels were observed at 2 h in PC (1330 ± 124) and at 1 h in LPC (1576 ± 144) groups of ?VA rats, and at 3 h in the PC (1621 ± 158) and LPC (2248 ± 675) groups of -VA rats. Liver BC (pmol/g) was maximum at 1 h in the PC (218 ± 32) and LPC (249 ± 24) groups of ?VA rats, and at 2 h in PC (228 ± 23) and at 3 h in LPC (277 ± 18) groups of -VA rats. Plasma and liver BC levels were significantly (P\0.05) higher in -VA rats than ?VA rats. Plasma retinyl palmitate (pmol/mL) was maximum at 3 h in PC (97 ± 18) and at 2 h in LPC (126 ± 14) groups of ?VA rats, and at 2 h in the PC (92 ± 13) and LPC (134 ± 27) groups of -VA rats. The higher (P\0.05) BC monoxygenase activity in -VA rats compared to ?VA rats supports the BC bioefficacy. Plasma retinol level was improved in the PC and LPC groups, but the effect of LPC was higher (P\0.05) than PC. Micellar phospholipids mitigate the VA deficiency–induced hypolipidemic effects. Conclusions Micellar phospholipids improved BC metabolism and reinstated the hypolipidemic effects, perhaps by modifying the fat-metabolizing enzymes and repairing the altered intestinal membrane structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioavailability b-Carotene Mixed micelles Phospholipids Vitamin A deficiency
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 04 Vitamins
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 10:40
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 11:44
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10567

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