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Alterations of matrix metalloproteinases, gastric mucin and prostaglandin E2 levels by pectic polysaccharide of swallow root (Decalepis hamiltonii) during ulcer healing.

Srikanta, B. M. and Sathisha, U. V. and Shylaja, M. Dharmesh (2010) Alterations of matrix metalloproteinases, gastric mucin and prostaglandin E2 levels by pectic polysaccharide of swallow root (Decalepis hamiltonii) during ulcer healing. Biochimie, 92 (2). pp. 194-203.

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Abstract

Gastric ulcer is a multi-step disease caused due to imbalance between mucosal defense and aggressive factors. Available anti-ulcer drugs although effective at various steps of ulcer pathogenecity, pose adverse effects. Pectic polysaccharide (SRPP) from swallow root (Decalepis hamiltonii) – previously shown to possess ulcer preventive effect against swim stress and ethanol induced gastric ulcers. In the current study, alteration of matrix metalloproteinases, gastric mucin and prostaglandin E2 levels during polysaccharide mediated ulcer healing was determined in acetic acid induced gastric ulcer model in Wistar albino rats. Results indicated the potential ulcer healing effect of SRPP as evidenced by 90% reduction in ulcer index; improvement in the antioxidant defense such as increase of glutathione levels together with significant reduction in lipid and protein oxidation and protection to damaged gastric mucin. Further, histological studies substantiated the result of the recovery of mucin that was eroded during ulceration, rejuvenation of mucosal epithelium and enhancement of high molecular mass mucin as opposed to the degraded 55 kDa mucin that appeared only during ulcer condition. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that are involved in tissue injury was found to be modulated by SRPP treatment in addition to increased cytoprotectivity due to enhanced synthesis of PGE2 that necessitates the active proliferation of gastric mucin cells. Further, reduction in 3 folds of galectin-3, an inflammatory marker suggests gastro protection against acid induced inflammation and gastric wall damages. Overall, studies show the effectiveness of SRPP in inhibiting MMPs and galectin-3 levels which were up-regulated during ulcer conditions. In addition SRPP ensured cytoprotectivity and rejuvenation of mucosal barrier via PGE2 trigger leading to ulcer healing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ulcer healing; Decalepis hamiltonii; Matrix metalloproteinases; Gastric mucin; PGE2; Galectin-3
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 15 Pharmacology
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 23 Vegetables > Swallow root
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2011 11:36
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2015 07:53
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10391

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