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Cypermethrin-induced alterations in vital physiological parameters and oxidative balance in Caenorhabditis elegans

Shashikumar, S. and Rajini, P.S. (2010) Cypermethrin-induced alterations in vital physiological parameters and oxidative balance in Caenorhabditis elegans. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 97. pp. 235-242.

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Abstract

Cypermethrin belongs to the class of synthetic pyrethroids, which are being widely used as an insecticides in agricultural practices. The toxicity of cypermethrin is well studied in Drosophila melanogaster, fish, rats, mice, and is reported to cause neurotoxicity and oxidative stress during its metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the biological consequences of 4 h exposure to cypermethrin at sublethal concentrations (1, 5 and 15 mM) in Caenorhabditis elegans on physiological parameters such as egg laying, brood size, feeding and lifespan and oxidative stress parameters such as ROS, hydrogen peroxide levels, protein carbonyl, enzymatic antioxidants and glutathione levels. There was a significant and dose-dependent decrease in brood size (18–53%), egg laying (54–67%), feeding (29–58%) and marked decrease in lifespan (20%) at 15 mM of cypermethrin. Increase in levels of oxidative markers such as ROS (21–56%), intracellular hydrogen peroxide (17–62%), protein carbonyl (8–29%) and alteration in the activity of enzymatic antioxidants as well as depletion of glutathione (13–38%) were also observed. Our study offers evidence to show that cypermethrin induces significant oxidative stress in C. elegans and alters several physiological parameters in these worms, which can lead to impaired functioning, and survival of these worms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cypermethrin, Caenorhabditis elegans, Egg laying, Brood size Feeding, Lifespan, Oxidative stress
Subjects: 600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 05 Insect/Pest Control
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2011 09:01
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 07:17
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10113

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