[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Somatic embryogenesis, organogenesis, and regeneration from leaf callus culture of Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn., an endangered shrub

Giridhar, P. and Vinod, K. and Ravishankar, G. A. (2004) Somatic embryogenesis, organogenesis, and regeneration from leaf callus culture of Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn., an endangered shrub. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant, 40 (6). pp. 567-571.

[img] PDF
ivcdbp40(6)567-571.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (166kB)

Abstract

A novel protocol has been developed for inducing somatic embryogenesis from leaf cultures of Decalepis hamiltonii. Callus was obtained from leaf sections in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with a-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) þ N6-benzyladenine (BA) or 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) þ BA. Nodular embryogenic callus developed from the cut end of explants on media containing 2,4-D and BA, whereas compact callus developed on media containing NAA and BA. Upon subsequent transfer of explants with primary callus onto MS media containing zeatin and/or gibberellic acid (GA3) and BA, treatment with zeatin (13.68mM) and BA (10.65mM) resulted in the induction of the highest number of somatic embryos directly from nodular tissue. The maturation of embryos took place along with the induction on the same medium. Embryogenic calluses with somatic embryos were subcultured onto MS basal medium supplemented with 4.56 mM zeatin þ 10.65mM BA. After 4 wk, more extensive differentiation of somatic embryos was observed. The mature embryos developed into complete plantlets on growth regulator-free MS medium. A distinct feature of this study is the induction of somatic embryogenesis from leaf explants of Decalepis hamiltonii, which has not been reported previously. By using this protocol, complete plantlets could be regenerated through indirect somatic embryogenesis or organogenesis from leaf explants in 12–16 wk.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plantlets; Somatic embryos
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 03 Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 02 Evolution & genetics
Depositing User: Users 197 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2011 09:02
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:23
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10056

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item