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Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the husk and endosperm of fenugreek seeds.

Madhava Naidu, M. and Shyamala, B. N. and Pura Naik, J. and Sulochanamma, G. and Srinivas, P. (2011) Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the husk and endosperm of fenugreek seeds. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 44 (2). pp. 451-456. ISSN 0023-6438

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2010.08.013


Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is used as a spice, vegetable and a medicinal plant. In the present study, fenugreek seeds were separated into husk and endosperm. The proximate composition of fenugreek seeds, husk and cotyledons showed that endosperm had the highest saponin (4.63 g/100 g) and protein (43.8 g/100 g) content. In contrast, husk had higher total polyphenols (103.8 mg of gallic acid equivalent/g, and TDF (77.1 g/100 g), comprising IDF (31.9 g/100 g) and SDF (45.2 g/100 g). At 200 μg concentration, extracts of husk, fenugreek seed, and endosperm exhibited 72%, 64%, and 56% antioxidant activity respectively by free-radical scavenging method. The study indicated that separation of fenugreek seeds into husk and endosperm could have advantage of process viability with respect to prior selective fractionation of bioactive components for their effective isolation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fenugreek; Husk; Endosperm; Antioxidant activity; Polyphenols; Dietary fiber
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments > 08 Fenugreek
Divisions: Plantation Products Spices and Flavour Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2011 14:18
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2011 14:18
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/10000

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